Best of JoshuaKennon

Investing

 

Dividend Investing

 

General Personal Finance

 

Saving

 

Value Investing

 

Real Estate

 

Trust Funds

 

 

Family Holding Companies

 

His Family Members

 

Owning Cash Producing Assests

 

Ways to Think About Investing

 

General Thoughts

 

Alternative Cash Thoughts

 

 

Case Studies

 

“The Rich”

 

Mental Models

 

Cars

 

Economics

 

Life Advice

Places to Visit

When I was 13, I wrote down a list of all the places I wanted to visit, including some I had already been to:

  • North America
    • Canada
      • Yellowknife
      • Quebec
      • Toronto
      • Vancouver
      • Halifax
    • America
      • Los Angeles California
      • San Francisco California
      • Medford Oregon
      • Portland Oregon
      • Seattle Washington
      • Las Vegas Nevada
      • Phoenix Arizona
      • Yellowstone Wyoming
      • Salt Lake City Utah
      • Denver Colorado
      • Durango Colorado
      • Keystone Colorado
      • Telluride Colorado
      • Aspen Colorado        
      • Mount Rushmore North Dakota
      • Overland Park Kansas (?)
      • Kansas City Missouri
      • Cherokee Reservation Oklahoma
      • Dallas Texas
      • Austin Texas
      • Houston Texas
      • San Antonio Texas
      • New Orleans Louisiana
      • Chicago Illinois
      • Milwaukee Wisconsin
      • Madison Wisconsin
      • Detroit Michigan
      • Ann Arbor Michigan
      • Mobile Alabama
      • Nashville Tennessee
      • Cleveland Ohio
      • Atlanta Georgia
      • Savannah Georgia
      • Miami Florida
      • Raleigh/Durham North Carolina
      • Washington D.C.
      • Pittsburgh Pennsylvania
      • Philadelphia Pennsylvania
      • Rochester New York
      • New York City New York
      • Boston Massachusetts
      • Hawaiian Islands
    • Mexico
      • Mexico City
      • Ixtapa
      • Mayan Ruins
    • Costa Rica
      • San Jose
  • South America
    • Brazil
      • Rio de Janerio
      • Sao Paulo
    • Argentina
      • Tierra del Fuego
      • Buenos Aires
  • Other
    • United Kingdom
      • Liverpool
      • Newcastle
      • Manchester
      • London
      • Oxford
    • Ireland
      • Dublin
    • Spain
      • Barcelona
      • Madrid
      • Gibraltar
    • France
      • Paris
      • Strasbourg
      • Marseille
    • Benelux
      • Amsterdam
      • Brugge
    • Iceland
      • Reykjavik
    • Switzerland
      • Bern
      • Zurich
    • Italy
      • Milan
      • Venice
      • Rome
      • San Marino
      • Tuscany
    • Germany
      • Berlin
      • Munich
      • Nuremberg
      • Frankfort
    • Austria
      • Salzburg
      • Vienna
    • Denmark
      • Copenhagen
    • Nordic Countries
      • Oslo
      • Stockholm
      • Fjords
    • Poland
      • Concentration Camps
    • Czech Republic
      • Prague
    • Balkan Peninsula
      • Budapest
    • Greece
      • Athens
      • Thermoplyie
    • Russia
      • Petersburg
      • Moscow
    • Turkey
      • Istanbul
    • Africa
      • Cairo
      • Pyramids
      • Cape Town
      • Kenya Wildlife Reserve
    • Middle East
      • Jerusalem
      • Dubai
      • Baghdad
      • Ruins of Babylon
      • Mecca
    • Asia
      • New Delhi
      • Beijing
      • Great Wall
      • Shanghai
      • Tokyo
      • Hiroshima/Nagasaki
      • Seoul
      • Singapore
      • Bhutan
      • Tibet
    • Oceania
      • Australia
        • Sydney
        • Outback
        • Melbourne
      • New Zealand

Calculate Savings Needs in Reverse

If you are in a position where you will be able to, you should max out both you 401k and you Roth IRA when you start working. Right now the IRA contribution limit it $5,500 and the 401k limit is $18,000+Match (assume a $2,500 match). Maxing out both of these accounts would come to a total contribution of $26,000.

Assuming a 6.2% after-inflation rate of return (this is the 100 year annualized market return and inflation value), after 6 years of contributions you should have approximately $180,000 after inflation. Assuming that you stop making any contributions at age 28, and the accounts can grow at the same rate of return until you reach traditional retirement at age 60, the accounts would be worth nearly $1.4 million in today’s dollars, and it would produce about $56,000 in annual income.

That seems like a great deal doesn’t it? All you would have to do is max out the accounts for just 6 years, allow compounding to do the rest, and be able to enjoy the median household income every year once you reach 60.

In practice, however, the opportunity cost of taking money out of these tax advantaged accounts is relatively high, and you might be inclined to not take withdrawals until age 65 or even later. In our scenario, those extra 5 years of compounding could create over $400,000 in real extra wealth, which would allow someone to spend $70,000 annually in traditional retirement.

Work Backwards

In reality, what one should do is work backwards using some initial targets in order to determine what their savings level needs to be. For example, if your goal was to have $100,000 in annual passive income from your retirement accounts by the age of 65, you would do the following calculations:

$100,000 in Annual Passive Income

/ 4% = $2,500,000 in today’s $ needed

* (1.035^45) = $11,800,000 in 2058 dollars needed (inflation)

/ (1.1^35) = $420,000 needed by age 30

pmt(10%, 10, 0, $420,000) = $26,000 needs to be saved annually for 10 years. 

AP Credits Are The Best Scholarship Around

In high school I was lucky enough to already know what I wanted to major in at university, and I was pretty sure about what university I would end up going to. I was also fortunate enough to go to a school with a lot of AP Credit, which made this much easier, but it is still very possible at many high schools… Of course, as the future-obsessed, Judging-type I am, I entirely planned out my high school schedule to maximize the amount of credit I could earn towards my college degree. My thought was: If I am going to have to take these classes already, why the hell should I take them again? Just so happens that I was able to bring in 64 degree-applicable credit hours (out of 128 needed for my degree). This has given me leeway to take interesting classes, a lightened load, double minors, and still graduate a year early. But that is not the interesting part of AP classes; today we are going to look at the economic advantages of AP credit for an average student..

Yes, you have to do a bit more work than the person next to you. But in today’s world you have to work harder and better than the person next to you in order to succeed. You won’t be rich if you don’t work hard. Period. Unless you win the lotto, but then you wouldn’t be reading this blog. Say you or your child or cousin is a high school Junior that chooses to work a bit harder than everyone else and signs up for the following AP classes:

Junior Year

  • English Language and Composition AP (>=3)
  • United States History AP (>=4)
  • Psychology AP (>=4)

Senior Year

  • English Literature and Composition AP (>=4)
  • Physics B AP (or Biology or Chemistry) (>=3)
  • Calculus AB AP (>=3)
  • Macroeconomics AP (>=4)
  • United States Government AP (>=3)

Each year you paid attention in class, studied, did test preparation, bought an AP Study book (which you read and practiced with), and took the AP tests you needed in May. You tried hard, got a little bit lucky on the grading, and made the minimum required scores for, say, the University of Texas to take your credit (those minimums are in the parenthesis).

Had you successfully followed this regimen, you would graduate high school with 32 hours at the University. Since these hours should all be applicable to (most) degrees (which is why you pick them based on your planned degree, duh), you would basically have just saved yourself a year of college.

No Tuition Paid Senior Year

This means you would have saved yourself 1x year of tuition, books, late-night energy drinks, and beer.. Since you probably borrowed against student loans to pay for this, the interest that you would have paid is also gone. So the $20,000 of expenses you would have incurred, which would have cost you about $200/month on a 3%, 10-year loan. So now instead of going to pay interest, your money gets to compound. Each month you take the $200 you would have spent on college loans and put it into a Roth IRA.

Extra Year Working

With the extra time you have in college you could work a part-time job (covering expenses), or you could graduate early. Say you had chosen to graduate a year early and start working. Let’s pretend you make the median household income with your degree ($54,000), and you lead a Mustachian lifestyle, spending only $20,000 that year. After taxes, you would be able to save around $25,000 that year, which you contributed to your 401k and Roth IRA.

Results

If you could earn a 6.5% real rate of return with both the money you would have paid to student loans and the extra money you made from graduating early, you would have $460,000 in real dollars sitting in the retirement accounts by the age of 60. You could reasonably spend $18,405/year (4%) using this money from age 60 on.

The small amount of work you put in when you were 16 paid you off nearly a half a million real dollars by the time you were 60. Using the extra cash saved from not paying tuition and being able to work 1 year earlier, you were able to generate enough income in retirement to keep you out of absolute poverty. Most people don’t think about the massive opportunity costs of their decisions when they are young, and the ones who do are usually handsomely rewarded.